Widely grown in the provinces of Cuneo (Langhe and Ormea surroundings), Asti (Monferrato hills) and Alessandria (Acqui and Ovada surroundings, area of Tortona), you can also find it in the Oltrepò Pavese and in Piedmont submontane and alpine areas, due to its early ripening. In Liguria it is present in the province of Imperia (Pieve di Teco and Pornassio).


It seems that the origin is Monferrato area at the end of the eighteenth century; it then became popular in Liguria, Oltrepò Pavese, and in Milan and Tortona surroundings. In 1906, an ampelographic benchmarking study, the Molon, indicated this wine varietal as that of larger distribution in Italy.

Ampelographic description

The shoot apex is half-open and cottony, slightly reddish. The leaf is average small size, five-lobed with V-shaped petiolar sinus. The bunch is average size, pyramidal, long, winged and with an average quantity of berries. The berry is small and spherical, the skin is thick and pruinose, black-blue coloured.


Budding period: early, beginning of April

Flowering period: early, end of April

Onset of ripening: average, half August

Grape ripening period: early, around September 10th

Agronomic and growing attitudes

Plant growth habit: half dropping back

Plant vigour: average

Production per vine-stock: 2,4 kg/vine-stock

Bunch average weight: 130 g

Environmental concerns

It has a predilection for espalier training and Guyot pruning. It has poor environmental adaptability; unsuitable climate and soil can cause ripening problems.

Susceptibility to diseases

It is sensitive to the rain and to cryptogamic diseases.